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Tips and techniques for effective performance management

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Much of the work in Human Resources (HR) is concerned with regulating performance management. It is not an easy task to create a space where you and your employees can do a great job and give their best, but with the right strategies, you can do it.

Of course, effective performance management is not just about creating a working environment: Effective performance management is about leadership, interpersonal relationships, constructive feedback, and teamwork. Even when it comes to the difficult HR tasks of managing a process that your employees are not interested in or consider valuable, managing a paper-based process, consolidating data and motivating other managers to provide useful feedback to employees, there are strategies to make these tasks more accessible.

Performance management is generally considered to be the responsibility of an organization’s executives and management teams. However, it is a two-way street management team and the teams they lead must harmonize their approaches to performance management to achieve truly high performance and maintain the performance of high-performance teams. If the individual refuses to accept the manager’s performance management techniques and approaches, the process will ultimately fail.

As a leader, the interests of the people you lead should always be your primary concern. After all, a happy and satisfied team will always perform better than a team that feels undervalued and unrecognized. There are many theories that explore the idea of motivation as a key factor in performance, such as Maslow’s hierarchy of needs and Herzberg’s two-factor theory. It is always good to understand the context of these theories as they influence many of the approaches and strategies we pursue in performance management.

It is important to remember that performance management is about a number of aspects of how well a team works and that there are several techniques for solving a single problem.

The key is choosing the right technique for each scenario. In general, techniques are formed to address the following issues:

Performance monitoring: Meetings and debriefings

Progress reviews: Reviews and summaries

Set expectations: Showing what is expected and how it can be achieved

Create incentives: Reward, recognition, and remedy for poor performance

Continuous professional development such as conferences, mentoring, etc.

Two of the most important steps in all this are to clarify organizational and individual performance goals and then use the feedback to review and improve processes and performance.


Make sure your teams know exactly what the organization is aiming for and what values and beliefs it is adopting. This allows them to identify with the vision and internalize it as their own. If an employee does not know these goals, they cannot reliably achieve them.

Encourage employees to ask questions about how projects fit with the organization’s goals. If they don’t understand, offer feedback and support. It is always worse to send a team forward without a vision, as the outcome may be the opposite of what is required.

Using feedback

This is important, if an employee performs below average, he or she may not even realize it. Meet with them and give them your feedback. This doesn’t mean you have to tell them that they are under performing and need to improve their performance. It means that you need to sit down with them to identify the causes of under performance and find solutions that will help them address under performance through growth.

Don’t just give feedback to those who are under performing, but make sure you give positive feedback to those who are performing, this will encourage them to continue to do good work if they are recognized. Also, make sure that you inform low-performing team members of their strengths and don’t just focus on the positive aspects of the negative ones.

Provide regular feedback. Annual reviews are currently being abandoned as it is recognized that these reviews create stress within teams and often lead to de-motivation and withdrawal due to negative aspects.

Peer Reviews

360 Reviews allow peers to provide positive and constructive feedback while maintaining the organization’s goals. These tools allow all team members to develop by identifying opportunities for improvement in others while taking into account their own development needs.

Although this process is primarily carried out by team members, the manager should still monitor the reports produced to ensure that all complaints, concerns, and praise are considered and addressed. When these issues are addressed, it demonstrates to the team the importance of peer review, as it has led to action and they are therefore more likely to become more involved in the process.

Other techniques

  • Preventive management
  • Preventive recognition
  • Review meetings
  • Technologies such as performance management software

Although this article is intended for management, it is important to remember that everyone can have their say. If you believe there are opportunities for ongoing professional development, skill gaps or other pressing issues, contact your manager. He or she may not always be aware, and it is his or her job to ensure that you are comfortable in your role. Problems arise when communication fails, so be sure to let them know.

Whatever obstacles you face, we have some tips to make things easier and more efficient in the workplace. Consider the following six strategies for effective performance management.

1. A wide range of resources

Before discussing the six strategies for effective performance management, it is important to consider all aspects of performance management:

  • Establishing performance expectations and planning how to meet those expectations
  • Employee performance monitoring with check-in and meetings
  • Reward and praise good performance and remedy poor performance
  • Regular assessment of performance through summaries and reviews
  • Continuous development of the ability to function optimally

These criteria, also known as “performance evaluation”, help ensure that an organization is working in the best possible way and delivering optimal services and performance. Over time, effective performance management should lead to the growth and success of the organization.

Six performance management strategies

1. Define and communicate corporate objectives and performance targets

Your employees will not be able to meet your performance expectations or corporate objectives if they are not clearly defined. This is our first step towards effective performance management. Sometimes employers are not as clear as they could be when they outline their goals or corporate objectives, and often employees don’t show up to ask follow-up questions when they are confused or unclear about something. Prevent this pitfall by being as clear and communicative as possible.

You can define and describe goals by using goal tracking software, creating a chart in the office, sending an email, distributing a flyer throughout the office, holding meetings, or doing each of these things in turn. When describing goals and objectives, repeat the message so that it is memorable, provide visual aids (such as an official board and e-mail) to keep employees in touch and, most importantly, hold meetings to review progress.

2. Use performance management software

If you don’t already use performance management software, it may be time to give it a try. If you are already using such software and it doesn’t save you time, your team is complaining about it or your staff is not busy enough, it may be outdated and needs to be updated. Performance management software can really streamline your performance management strategies, so it is imperative that you start using such software or at least look for an upgrade.

Good performance management software is software that offers both traditional and 360 reviews, is employee-friendly, has an easy-to-use dashboard interface, provides quick and actionable reports, and of course, encourages employee development. The software helps you and your employees stay on top of things so that your business runs smoothly and efficiently at all times. Here are some useful examples of modern performance management software.

3. Provide frequent performance feedback

While the clear communication of corporate and individual goals is an essential step for any business, communication alone will not go too far. Your managers will also need to communicate regularly with teams and employees to not only measure progress but also to provide feedback.

Good performance feedback reinforces strong competencies and positive behavior while identifying areas for improvement. This type of feedback cannot wait for HR to launch an annual appraisal cycle. Rather, it should be given in real-time and integrated into the culture of the organization (it should also begin during the interview process, but that’s another job for another time).

Timely performance feedback is the best way to validate your employees and their work while making their work effective. If you have performance software now, it should help you collect frequent feedback. If not, free tools such as Google Forms, Survey Monkey, or even a simple email request will take you far enough.

4. Use of peer reviews

Another excellent way to promote effective performance management is the use of peer reviews, also known as 360-degree reviews. This is also a feature found in most performance management software. Peer reviews are useful because they allow colleagues to praise their peers and highlight positive aspects of their performance, as well as highlight areas for improvement.

This exercise helps employees work together, build better communication and assess where they can improve while observing their colleagues. This process should be monitored by managers or HR and all peer reviews should be read to ensure that no complaints, concerns, praise or other comments go unnoticed or are overlooked.

5. Preventive management and recognition

One way to ensure results in the workplace is to introduce rewards and preventive management. This simply means that your employees always know what is expected of them, so there is never any acceptance or need for consequences in the workplace.

This puts everyone on an equal footing, creating a level playing field where expectations are set and goals are known. Rewards or incentives are also an effective way of showing employees that they are cared for, that their efforts are seen and satisfied with their performance, and that they want them to continue to do a good job.

Similarly, a powerful “HR toolbox” that helps managers to identify defective employees early on and give them appropriate feedback allows them to identify a problem before it occurs. So “Performance Management” is about communicating with your employees and letting them know what is expected, what is not expected and how the set goals can be achieved.

6. Have regular meetings to discuss the results of your activities

Also known as a progress report or progress meeting, it is important to take time to meet with your team and see how things are going against the goals and objectives you have set yourself to achieve those goals and objectives.

These meetings can be weekly, monthly, or as often as you feel it is necessary. Make sure your team knows that meeting attendance is mandatory. This makes feedback on progress more accurate and allows you to make plans to move forward.

When you organize these meetings, make sure you have a clear idea of what you want to cover. Some goals should include :

  • Peer review follow-up
  • Discuss with the team praise and areas that need work
  • Identify team members who actively achieve their goals through rewards or incentives
  • Discuss plans for the next project phase
  • Discussion of company data: Sales, customer participation, marketing and campaign success, etc.

One should never meet just for the sake of getting to know each other. You want to have something relevant to talk about and something valuable to discuss. If you feel that things are going well, that employees are getting feedback on their performance and acting accordingly and that the company as a whole is on a positive path, meetings can be held less frequently and treated as checkpoints throughout the year.

If there are any issues, concerns, questions or ideas you would like to discuss, plan meetings as early as possible. It’s important that your team is involved, up-to-date, and up to date to keep your organization running smoothly.

These six strategies for effective performance management may seem simple, but they can work wonders when implemented in everyday business. Companies should pay attention to the people involved. Making the most of their skills, recognizing where they shine, encouraging them where they need to work, and treating them as full-fledged employees, not just cogs in the wheel, is the right way to create the right working environment for success.

If you’re looking for an automated Performance Management system, we suggest you IceHrm which is one of the best HRIS systems which has so many HR functions automated into one system.

IceHrm is a Human resource management system for small and medium-sized organizations. This HRM software centralizes employee data and allows only one authorized person to access it, providing a high level of security. The presence module monitors employee time based on information about insertion and perforation. It covers all the basic HRM needs of a company such as Time Management, Training, and Development, Attendance Management, Expense management, leave management, Recruitment management and handling employee information.

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